Honda Civic/Acura Integra

since 1994 release

Repair and operation of the car



Honda Tsivik
+ Cars of the Honda Civic and Acura Integra brand
+ Maintenance instruction
- Routine maintenance
   Schedule of routine maintenance
   Specifications
   General information about settings and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids (each 400 km of run or weekly)
   Check of a condition of tires and pressure of their rating (each 400 km of run or weekly)
   Check of level of liquid of the power steering (each 4 800 km of run or time in three months)
   Check of the ATF AT/CVT level (each 4 800 km of run or time in three months)
   Replacement of motive oil and oil filter (each 4 800 km of run or time in three months)
   Check of a state and replacement of brushes of screen wipers (each 12 000 km of run or time in 6 months)
   Check, service and charging of the battery (each 12 000 km of run or time in 6 months)
   Check of a state, adjustment of effort of a tension and replacement of driving belts, (each 12 000 km of run or time in 6 months)
   Check of a state and replacement of the hoses located in a motive compartment (each 12 000 km of run or times in 6 months)
   Check of a condition of components of the cooling system (each 12 000 km of run or time in 6 months)
   Rotation of wheels (each 12 000 km of run or time in 6 months)
   Check of brake system (each 12 000 km of run or time in 6 months)
   Check of a condition of seat belts (each 24 000 km of run or time in 12 months)
   Check and adjustment of gaps of valves (each 24 000 km of run or time in 12 months)
   Replacement of the filtering air cleaner element (each 24 000 km of run or times in two years)
   Check of a condition of components of a power supply system (each 24 000 km of run or time in 12 months)
   Check of level of the RKPP transmission oil (each 24 000 km of run or time in 12 months)
   Survey of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive, check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of a condition of components of system of production of the fulfilled gases (each 9600 km of run or times in 6 months)
   Check of a state and replacement of spark plugs
   Check of a state and replacement of VV of candle wires, a cover and the runner of the distributor (each 48 000 km of run or time in 24 months)
   Check and replacement of the valve of system of the operated ventilation of a case (PCV) (each 48 000 km of run or times in 24 months)
   Replacement of the fuel filter (each 48 000 km of run or time in 24 months)
   Check and adjustment of turns of idling (each 48 000 km of run or time in 24 months)
   Service of the cooling system (depletion, washing and filling) (each 48 000 km of run or time in 24 months)
   Replacement of brake fluid (each 48 000 km of run or time in 24 months)
   Replacement of liquid of automatic transmission (AT/CVT) (each 48 000 km of run or time in 24 months)
   Replacement of the RKPP transmission oil (each 48 000 km of run or time in 24 months)
   Dumping of the counter of the indicator of intervals of service
+ Engine
+ Cooling system and heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Electric equipment of the engine
+ Control systems of the engine
+ gear shifting Box
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment





Check of a state and replacement of spark plugs

If original candles after check of a state are established on the engine again, they have to be rolled strictly in former cylinders – make the corresponding marking.


All models of cars considered in the present manual are equipped with engines with a cross arrangement. Spark plugs are established in the top part of the engine.

Tools necessary at replacement of spark plugs
1. The candle head — Is equipped with the special soft insert excluding possibility of casual damage of a porcelain insulator at a candle reversing.
2. The Dinamometrichesky key — without being obligatory, provides a reliable guarantee of correctness of effort of a tightening of spark plugs.
3. The ratchet drive — Is used in a set with a candle head and a dinamometrichesky key.
4. The extender — Depending on model and a complete set access to spark plugs can be limited by its auxiliary units in various degree therefore use of extenders of the corresponding form and design will allow to facilitate procedure performance considerably.
5. The tool for measurement and correction of interelectrode gaps of spark plugs — Is issued some types of this sort of tools – make sure that the tool is completed with the probe corresponding by the size to gaps of candles of your car.

In most cases replacement of spark plugs requires existence of a special candle head (with a soft insert inside) complete with the ratchet drive, and also a set of extenders of the drive of a key and the tool for check and correction of interelectrode gaps (see an illustration above). For a safe detachment of tips of VV of wires from shafts of spark plugs the special tool though its application and is not strictly obligatory is also issued. Use of a dinamometrichesky key will allow to achieve the correct effort of a tightening of candles.

It is most correct to keep constantly in the car a set of replaceable spark plugs with the correct image the adjusted interelectrode gap. Upon purchase of new candles watch that they met for the parameters the requirements of the engine of your car. Necessary information is provided in Specifications to the present Chapter, and also on VECI label fixed under a cowl (in case of different interpretations the preference should be given to requirements of the last).

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Wait for full cooling of the engine, only after it start a reversing of candles. Not to waste in vain time, use a pause for check of a condition of a replaceable set of candles.

2a. The interelectrode gap of a candle is checked by introduction to it of the corresponding probe of the measuring instrument (see an accompanying illustration) and has to conform to the requirements provided on VECI label (it is alternative see the Head Elektrooborudovaniye of the engine). The probe has to with an easy resistance slip between lateral and central secha electrodes.

2b. Correction of a gap can be made by means of the special adaptation which is usually a part of the measuring instrument – turn in appropriately lateral electrode of a candle (see an accompanying illustration). If the lateral electrode is located not precisely over central, correct its situation as appropriate. Make sure of lack of cracks and other damages to a porcelain insulator of a candle. Existence of any sort of defects of an insulator is inadmissible.

3. On the Integra models uncover spark plugs (see an accompanying illustration). At the cold engine disconnect VV a wire from a spark plug of the first cylinder (see Check of a state and replacement of VV of candle wires, a cover and the runner of the distributor (each 48 000 km of run or times in 24 months)). Pull only for a tip, and not for a wire at all! It will be reasonable to use the special tool.


4. In the presence of near at hand source of compressed air, use it for removal of garbage from candle niches of the engine (the ordinary bicycle pump will be suitable for this purpose also not worse).

When using compressed air do not forget to put on goggles!


5. Spark plugs on the considered models are deeply drowned in candle niches therefore their reversing requires the key drive extender. Having put on a candle head, connect the drive and, accurately rotating a collar counterclockwise, turn out a candle (see an accompanying illustration).

6. Verify the turned-out candle with the card of states given on a photographic insert that will allow to estimate the general condition of the engine qualitatively. Before rolling new candles slightly grease their carving part with the anti-taking sealant (see an accompanying illustration).

7. Manually acquire one of new candles in the corresponding opening in the engine. Having made sure that the candle is not warped in a carving, tighten it with the demanded effort (in the presence of near at hand dinamometrichesky key). For simplification of procedure of a nazhivleniye of a candle pull on its shaft a piece of a flexible fuel hose (see an accompanying illustration). Thus the probability of failure of a carving as at the slightest zakusyvaniye the hose will start being turned simply is excluded.

8. Before connecting to the VV spark plugs of a wire execute the Check of a State and Replacement of VV of Candle Wires procedures, a cover and the runner of the distributor (each 48 000 km of run or times in 24 months).
9. Connection of VV of a wire is carried out by rotary progress of its tip – the last has to sit down on a candle shaft densely.
10. Repeat procedure for the remained spark plugs, carrying out all actions serially in order to avoid violation of an order of connection of VV of wires.
11. On the Integra models establish into place a cover of candles.

Card of a condition of spark plugs

Normal state of a candle

Symptoms: Gray-brown color and easy wear of electrodes. The Kalilny number of candles corresponds to type of the engine and its general state.
Recommendations: When replacing candles establish candles of the same type.

Wear

Symptoms: A rounding off of electrodes with a small congestion of deposits on the working end. Color normal. Leads to difficulty of start of the engine in cold damp weather and to fuel consumption increase.
Recommendations:
Change candles on new, the same type.

Coal deposits

Symptoms: Availability of soot indicates reenrichment of fuel and air mix or weak intensity of a spark. Causes admissions of ignition, complicates start and results in instability of operation of the engine.
Recommendations: Whether check the air cleaner is hammered, whether fuel level in a float-operated chamber is not too high, whether the air gate is jammed and whether contacts are not too worn-out. Try to use candles with longer insulator that increases resilience to pollution.

Peploobrazovaniye

Symptoms: Soft brownish color of adjournment on one or both electrodes of a candle. A source of their education are the applied additives to oil and/or fuel. Excessive accumulation can lead to isolation of electrodes and cause admissions of ignition and unstable operation of the engine at acceleration.
Recommendations: At fast accumulation of deposits change maslootrazhatelny caps that will prevent hit of oil in combustion chambers. Try to replace fuel brand.

Oiling

Symptoms: Oiling of a candle is caused by wear of maslootrazhatelny caps. Oil gets to the combustion chamber through the worn-out directing valves or piston rings. Causes admissions of ignition, complicates start and results in instability of operation of the engine.
Recommendations:
Perform mechanical recovery work and replace candles.

Short circuit of electrodes

Symptoms: Waste of products of combustion gets to interelectrode space. Firm deposits accumulate, forming a crossing point between electrodes. Leads to refusal of ignition in the cylinder.
Recommendations: Remove deposits from interelectrode space.

Overheat

Symptoms: Porous, white insulator, erosion of electrodes and lack of any deposits. Leads to reduction of service life of a candle.
Recommendations: Whether check the kalilny number of the established candles conforms to requirements of Specifications, whether the ignition advancing corner is correctly exposed, whether too poor fuel and air mix moves, whether there are no leakages of vacuum of the inlet pipeline and whether valves are jammed. Check also the level of a cooler and whether the radiator is corked.

Too early ignition

Symptoms: Electrodes are melted off. The insulator has white color, but maybe is polluted owing to admissions of ignition or hit in combustion chambers of foreign particles. Can lead to an engine exit out of operation.
Recommendations:
Check kalilny number of the established candles, an ignition advancing corner, quality of mix (whether it is not too grown poor), whether the cooling system is corked and whether the lubrication system normally functions.

Electroconductive luster

Symptoms: The insulator has yellowish color and the polished appearance. Speaks about sudden temperature increase in combustion chambers at sharp acceleration. Usual deposits thus are melted off, taking a form of a varnish covering. Leads to admissions of ignition at high speeds of the movement.
Recommendations:
Replace candles (colder, at preservation of a manner of a driving).

Detonation

Symptoms: Insulators can be chopped off or burst. Also inaccurate technology of adjustment of a candle gap can lead to damage of an insulator. Can lead to damage of pistons.

Mechanical damages

Symptoms: Can be caused by hit of foreign materials in the combustion chamber or arise at blow of the piston about too long candle. Lead to refusal of functioning of the cylinder and to damage of the piston.
Recommendations: Remove foreign particles from the engine and/or replace. As service life of candles usually makes 15 000 km, it is enough to clear of them through each 8000 km of run.