Honda Civic/Acura Integra
since 1994 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ Cars of the Honda Civic and Acura Integra brand
+ Maintenance instruction
+ Routine maintenance
+ Cooling system and heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ Electric equipment of the engine
+ Control systems of the engine
+ gear shifting Box
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
- Onboard electric equipment
General information and precautionary measures
Search of causes of failures of electric equipment
Safety locks - the general information
The relay - the general information and check of serviceability of functioning
Check of serviceability of functioning and replacement of the breaker of indexes of turns / alarm system
Check of serviceability of functioning and replacement of understeering switches
Check of serviceability of functioning and replacement of the switch of ignition and lock of blocking of a steering column
Check of serviceability of functioning and replacement of switches of the dashboard
Check of serviceability of functioning of measuring instruments of a combination of devices
Removal and installation of a combination of devices
Removal and installation of the radio receiver and loudspeakers
Removal and installation of the antenna of the radio receiver
Replacement of lamps of head headlights
Adjustment of the direction of optical axes of head headlights
Replacement of block headlights
Replacement of lamps
Running fires of light time of day (DRL)
Check of serviceability of functioning and replacement of an electric motor of the drive of screen wipers
Check of serviceability of functioning and replacement of a horn of a horn
Check of serviceability of functioning and recovery repair of a heater of back glass
Control system of speed (tempostat) - general information and check of serviceability of functioning
The electric drive of window regulators - general information and check of serviceability of functioning
The uniform lock - general information and check of serviceability of functioning
The electric drive of external rear-view mirrors - general information and check of serviceability of functioning
Safety cushions - the general information
+ Schemes of electric connections - the general information
Search of causes of failures of electric equipment
The typical electric contour consists of the consumer of the electric power (a working component), a set of switches, the relay, executive electric motors, safety locks, fusible inserts / breakers of a chain concerning work of this component, and also connecting electrical wiring, its contact plugs and sockets. For the purpose of simplification of performance of diagnostic procedures schemes of electric connections of various systems of electric equipment of the car are provided in the Section of the Scheme of electric connections of the present Chapter.
Before starting search of causes of failure of the failed consumer of the electric power, attentively study the corresponding electric circuit, try as it is possible to imagine more clearly the principle of functioning of the components which are a part of the suspected contour. The list of possible causes of failure can be minimized by an exception of it of regularly functioning components concerning work of the checked contour. At simultaneous violation of functioning at once of several components, failure of the general for the corresponding chains, or grounding violation is safety lock/melting of an insert the most probable cause of refusal.
Most often refusals of electric equipment are explained by the elementary reasons, such as damage by corrosion, or weakening of fastening of terminal connections, failure of a safety lock or fusible insert, failure of the relay, etc. Before starting search of internal defects of actually refused component, attentively check a condition of all safety locks concerning its functioning, sockets and connecting wires. For definition of the list of the knots which are subject to check and terminal connections, study the corresponding scheme of electric connections.
To number of the diagnostic equipment necessary at search of refusals of electric equipment, it is necessary to carry the universal measuring instrument the chain/voltmeter (the 12-voltny lamp with a set of connecting wires), a lamp sampler with the individual power supply (sometimes called also by the conductivity measuring instrument will also be suitable for some checks), an ohmmeter, the power supply with a set of connecting wires, and also a set of the wires crossing points equipped various type with connecting plugs and, it is desirable, the built-in breaker of a chain or a safety lock (for shunting of suspicious sites of a chain or electric components). Before resorting to use of the diagnostic equipment attentively study the scheme of electric connections of components of the corresponding contour (see Schemes of electric connections - the general information).
The simplest check of a chain which is carried out by twitching of various sites of an electrical wiring of the corresponding contour as a result of which the defective piece of a chain is localized can be made for search of the reason of the refusal having unstable character (violations such usually are connected with oxidation of contact plugs, or weakening of fastening of terminal connections of an electrical wiring). This check can be made together with any of listed below in the corresponding subsections.
Except the problems connected with violation of quality of electric connections, it is necessary to refer breaks and short circuits in a chain to number of the most probable and often happening refusals of electric contours.
Break of a chain usually is caused by mechanical injury of conducting veins or a detachment of contact plugs that leads to disconnection of an electric contour and the termination of circulation in it electric current. As a result of break of a chain its working component ceases to function, however the corresponding safety locks / fusible inserts do not fail.
Short circuit of its electrical wiring is called as short circuit unforeseen a chain design. Thus current starts circulating on the shortest way, usually leaving on weight. Short circuits most often are connected with violation of integrity of isolation of an electrical wiring and without fail lead to failure of the corresponding safety locks / fusible inserts.
Verification of tension in a chain
Verification of tension is among standard checks in case of refusal of any consumer of the electric power. Connect one of wires of the measuring instrument of a chain or the voltmeter to the negative plug of the battery, or any of reliably grounded points on the car chassis/engine. Connect the second wire of the device to terminal connection of the checked contour, preferably to the next to the battery or a safety lock. Give food to a contour. Do not forget that some chains are powered only in certain provisions of the switch of ignition. If tension takes place (the measuring instrument lamp joins, or on the indicator of the voltmeter the corresponding indication is fixed), the chain piece between the checked terminal connection and the battery means is serviceable.
Search of the reasons of short circuit
First of all disconnect the consumer(s) of the electric power of the checked contour (consumers of the electric power, or contour payload, components for which functioning the current circulating in a chain, such as lamps, electric motors, heating elements, etc. is spent are called) . Take the safety lock protecting the checked contour, and connect a lamp sampler or the voltmeter to its adjusting plugs. Give power supply to a contour. Remember that some of contours are powered only in certain provisions of the switch of ignition. If tension takes place on safety lock plugs, therefore, in a chain there was a short circuit (pull an electrical wiring as short circuit can be caused by wiping of its isolation and have unstable character). If tension is absent, however the safety lock after replacement continues to fuse when giving food in a chain, so internal defect of the consumer(s) of the electric power, the switch or isolation of an electrical wiring takes place.
Search of violations of grounding
The negative plug of the battery is grounded on "weight" as which metal of the power unit, the chassis and body elements of the car acts. Electric contours of the most part of electric equipment are constructed in such a way that the electrical wiring is used only for giving of power supply to the consumer from the positive plug of the battery, return of current to the battery is carried out on weight metal. Told means that fasteners of consumers of the electric power form themselves returnable part of an electric chain. In view of the described situation, weakening of fastening or corrosion of basic elements of a working component of a chain involves violation of serviceability of functioning of a contour (from a full exit of the last out of operation before partial refusal of various sites of a chain). In particular, as a result of weakening of fixture brightness of a luminescence of illuminants (in particular in the presence of the general grounding with other contour), or the speed of rotation of an electric motor can decrease (for example, the drive of screen wipers or the fan of the cooling system). Thus refusal of one contour can cause violation of functioning of another, externally not connected with failed in any way. Pay attention that on many cars certain knots are connected among themselves by special tires of grounding. Such tires are used when there is no direct contact of metal parts of blocks in view of the equipment of support flexible rubber plugs (as, for example, in support of fastening of the power unit to the car chassis).
In the presence of suspicions on violation of quality of terminal connection, sort contact knot of grounding and smooth out the interfaced surfaces of plugs to pure metal. Try to remove completely all traces of corrosion and dirt, then scratch out a knife paint, achieving unambiguous contact of metal surfaces. At assembly of knot take care of fixture tightening durability. Between plugs of an electrical wiring and contacts of weight, for a quality assurance of electric connection, lay washers with a notch. In order to avoid development of corrosion in the future cover the joined terminal connections with acid-free vaseline or silicone greasing. Good means are also an aerosol for sealing of components of system of ignition and water-repellent greasing.
Search of breaks of a chain
Unstable refusals of consumers of the electric power most often are connected with violation of quality of terminal connections due to oxidation or weakening of fixture. Often for reduction of a component in a working condition, it appears to pull rather simply the corresponding plait of an electrical wiring / the electric socket. The easiest way of search of break of a chain is check of its working sites on conductivity existence. Disconnect power supply of a contour and use the measuring instrument equipped with the independent power supply. Connect measuring instrument wires to both exits of the checked chain (the plug of giving of food and well grounded point). If the device fixes conductivity existence (zero resistance / operation of a lamp sampler), therefore, the checked site of a chain is serviceable. Otherwise break takes place. By a similar way serviceability of functioning of switches can be checked.
Electric sockets – general information
The majority of sockets of chains of onboard electric equipment are made of plastic and are multicontact. Reliability of a joint of half of such sockets is provided with a zashchelkivaniye of lock uvulas of the clamps which are built in in plugs. Large sockets, such as some from located under the car dashboard, are most often fastened with the through bolts passed through the central part of plugs.
Sockets always consist of two half plugs of one of which enter in plugs another. When studying schematic images of sockets try to define first of all what of its half it is presented on an illustration – connected to a plait, or fixed on a component. Remember that plugs of one half of the socket are always placed specularly in relation to plugs another.
Often, at problem diagnostics of electric chains there is a need of check of tension on plugs of the joined socket. At such checks the probe of the measuring instrument is entered into the corresponding plug from the back party of the plug (see an illustration below).
Be careful, try not to bend and not to deform plugs. If nests of plugs are too small, use the unbent metal office paper clip to which then it is possible to connect a measuring instrument wire by means of a clip like crocodile as the probe.